How to Build a Backyard Shed: A Step-by-Step Guide

A backyard shed can provide much-needed extra storage space for your home and garden tools. Building a shed from scratch may seem daunting, but with the right tools and materials, it can be a rewarding DIY project. In this guide, we will take you through the steps to build a sturdy and functional backyard shed.


  • Pressure-treated lumber
  • Plywood
  • Roofing material (e.g. asphalt shingles or metal panels)
  • Roofing nails and roofing cement
  • Nails or screws
  • Hinges
  • Door handle and lock
  • Window (optional)
  • Paint or stain


  • Measuring tape
  • Square
  • Level
  • Circular saw or hand saw
  • Hammer or nail gun
  • Screwdriver or drill
  • Ladder

Step 1: Choose a location and design for your shed

  • Choose a level, sturdy spot in your backyard for the shed
  • Decide on the size and design of your shed. You can use pre-made plans or design your own
  • Obtain necessary permits from your local building department

Step 2: Lay the foundation

  • Dig a hole to the depth specified by your local building codes
  • Install pressure-treated 4x4s for the skids
  • Set concrete blocks on top of the skids

Step 3: Assemble the floor frame

  • Cut the pressure-treated 2x6s to length and lay them on top of the concrete blocks
  • Nail or screw the floor frame together

Step 4: Install the flooring

  • Cut the pressure-treated plywood to size and lay it on top of the floor frame
  • Nail or screw the plywood in place

Step 5: Build the walls

  • Cut the pressure-treated 2x4s to length and assemble the wall frames
  • Stand the wall frames on the floor and secure them to the floor frame

Step 6: Install the roof trusses

  • Cut the roof trusses to length and install them on top of the walls
  • Secure the roof trusses to the walls and to each other

Step 7: Install the roofing

  • Cut the roofing material to size and lay it on top of the roof trusses
  • Nail or screw the roofing material in place and seal the edges with roofing cement

Step 8: Install the windows, doors, and other fixtures

  • Cut the window and door openings in the walls
  • Install the windows, doors, and hinges
  • Install the door handle and lock

Step 9: Finish the shed

  • Paint or stain the shed as desired
  • Add any additional fixtures or shelves as needed


Q: What type of roofing material should I use for my shed? A: The type of roofing material you use will depend on your personal preference and budget. Asphalt shingles are a popular choice due to their affordability and durability. Metal roofing is also a popular option for its longevity and resistance to weather damage.

Q: Do I need a permit to build a backyard shed? A: Yes, most local building departments require a permit for the construction of a backyard shed. Check with your local building department for specific requirements.

Q: Can I build a shed without concrete blocks? A: Yes, you can use a variety of other materials for the foundation, including a concrete slab, a gravel pad, or even piers made of treated wood.

Building a backyard shed can provide you with valuable space for storage, hobbies, or even a workspace. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can construct a shed that meets your needs and complements your yard. However, before starting, it’s important to research local building codes, secure necessary permits, and plan out your design. Additionally, consider hiring a professional if you’re unsure about your ability to complete the project safely and to code. With proper planning and execution, you can enjoy the benefits of a backyard shed for years to come.

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